The organizer of the Serp & Molot competition was JSC Don-Story Invest, Moscow Russian Federation. The competition was organized in two-stages. November 2014 the participants of the second round were chosen. And in April 2014 the winner was selected by an international jury consisting of leading experts in the fields of urban planning, infrastructure and landscaping from Russia, Denmark, the USA, France, Spain, Japan and Germany. Chief Architect of Moscow Sergei Kuznetcov announced the consortium of MVRDV(Rotterdam), LAP Landscape & Urban design, and AM Proektus (Moscow) as the winners in the competition.
The assignment was to redevelop the urban plan of the historic Serp & Molot (Hammer & Sickle) Factory. The factory was built in 1884 and was historically used as a stronghold during the Russian revolution. Its name, referencing the symbol of the Soviet Union, is a demonstration of its historical importance. But in the past decades it fell into disrepair, like neglected over time and overgrown with plants.
The location of the project is in the east of Moscow's city center, the site 58-hectare factory site, creating room for a 1.8 million square meter mixed use development, including housing, offices, schools and retail.
The characteristic factory elements were the starting points of the design, and a new layer is added to create a new neighbourhood. Industrial relicts such as pipelines and chimneys are preserved and others are integrated into new buildings. The old demolished factory halls are replaced by urban blocks which follow the footprint of the old factories, but green courtyards and public green create more value and a better residential environment. The design preserve the historical character of the site, but creates a vivid green and mixed-use neighbourhood.
An existing factory transport ring will be repaired and become part of a park that will form a three-dimensional spine for the new neighbourhood. This public urban space will house playgrounds, sports facilities, open air markets and pavilions. Schools and day care centres are connected to this ring park. On top of the transport ring a sky walk can be made in between the tops of the trees, overlooking the surrounding neighbourhood.
The urban quarter will be developed in phases and create space for 19.000 inhabitants and 16.000 work spaces.
The project, which has a total investment estimated at 180 billion Rouble, is expected to be complete in 2021.
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